Carucage

La Carucage (/ˈkærəkɨdʒ/, en latin médiéval : carrūcāgium, de carrūca signifiant « charrue »), est une taxe foncière médiévale mise en place en Angleterre par le roi Richard Ier en 1194. Elle était basée sur la taille de la parcelle et non sur son rendement.

Historique

Taxe remplaçante du Danegeld dont la dernière imposition remonte à 1162 et qui était devenue difficile à recueillir à cause d'un nombre croissant de dérogations, la carucage a été perçue seulement six reprises : par Richard Ier en 1194 et 1198, par Jean, son frère et successeur, en 1200, et le fils de Jean, Henri III, en 1217, 1220 et 1224. Par la suite, cette taxe a été remplacée par d'autres impôts sur le revenu et sur la propriété.


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  • Carucage — Car u*cage, n. [LL. carrucagium (OF. charuage.), fr. LL. carruca plow, fr. L. carruca coach.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Old Eng. Law.) A tax on every plow or plowland. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of plowing. [R.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carucage — Some carucages were assessed on ploughteams, such as this four ox team plough, redrawn from the Luttrell Psalter, an illuminated manuscript of c. 1330 …   Wikipedia

  • Carucage — Tax fixed on a *carucate of land, first imposed by Richard I in 1198; used only irregularly thereafter. The Latin form used in documents was carucagium. Cf. Carucate; agium …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Carucage — ♦ Tax on ploughland. (Sayles, George O. The King s Parliament of England, 144) Related terms: Carucate …   Medieval glossary

  • carucage — /kaerakaj/ In old English law, a kind of tax or tribute anciently imposed upon every plow (came or plow land) for the public service …   Black's law dictionary

  • carucage — A tax on land ploughable with one plough …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • carucage — noun ( s) Etymology: Medieval Latin carrucagium, from carruca plow, from Latin, coach, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish carr vehicle more at car Old English law : a tax on every plow or plowland …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hubert Walter — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury Full name = Hubert Walter birth name = consecration = 29 May 1193 began = 7 November 1193 term end = 13 July 1205 predecessor = Reginald Fitz Jocelin successor = John de Gray birth date = c. 1160 death date = 12… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the English fiscal system — The history of the English fiscal system affords the best known example of continuous financial development in terms of both institutions and methods. Although periods of great upheaval occurred from the time of the Norman Conquest to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Marsh (bishop) — Infobox bishopbiog name =Richard Marsh religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Durham Title = Bishop of Durham Period = 1217 ndash;1226 Predecessor = Morgan Successor =William Scot ordination = bishops = post =Archdeacon of Northumberland date of… …   Wikipedia

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