Reconstruction Finance Corporation


Reconstruction Finance Corporation

La Reconstruction Finance Corporation était une agence gouvernementale américaine instaurée à la fin du mandat de Herbert Hoover. Elle fut officiellement créée par le Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act le 22 janvier 1932[1]. Elle constituait l'un des instruments du gouvernement américain pour faire face à la Grande Dépression qui touchait les États-Unis depuis le krach de 1929.

L'agence distribua environ deux milliards USD aux États ainsi qu'aux gouvernements locaux, tout en octroyant des prêts aux banques, aux compagnies de chemin de fer, aux corporations immobilières fermières, ainsi qu'à diverses entreprises. Les prêts furent quasiment tous remboursés.

L'agence se maintint pendant le New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt et joua un rôle majeur dans la sortie de la Grande Dépression, et dans la mise en place des programmes d'aide instaurés au cours du New Deal.

L'agence fut supprimée par le Reorganization Plan le 30 juin 1957[1].

Notes et références

  1. a et b (en) Information tirée d'un site officiel d'archives gouvernementales. (consulté le 31 juillet 2008)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Contenu soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article Reconstruction Finance Corporation de Wikipédia en français (auteurs)

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation — The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) was an independent agency of the United States government chartered during the administration of Herbert Hoover in 1932. It was modeled after the War Finance Corporation of World War I. The agency gave …   Wikipedia

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation — Die Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) war eine unabhängige Regierungsbehörde in den Vereinigten Staaten, die 1932 während der Präsidentschaft von Herbert C. Hoover entstand. Ihre Aufgabe war die finanzielle Unterstützung von Banken und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation — ▪ United States government agency       U.S. government agency established by Congress on January 22, 1932, to provide financial aid to railroads, financial institutions, and business corporations. With the passage of the Emergency Relief Act in… …   Universalium

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation — (RFC)    The RFC was established by Congress in 1932 after the recommendation of Herbert Hoover to “provide emergency financing facilities for financial institutions,” and to “aid in financing agriculture, commerce, and industry” to counter the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation — A one time federal corporate body exercising various functions in reference to loans and advances for financing projects under federal state, or municipal law and the rendering of financial assistance to business enterprises, which functions have …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation - RFC — An agency created by the the U.S. government to aid the troubled banking sector in the years following the stock market crash of 1929. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) was approved by Congress to begin business in 1932 with a mandate… …   Investment dictionary

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) — U.S. government agency established (1932) to provide loans to railroads, banks, and businesses. The RFC was an attempt by Pres. Herbert Hoover to counter the early effects of the Great Depression by rescuing institutions from default. It was… …   Universalium

  • International Finance Corporation — ( IFC) A corporation owned by the World Bank that produces a number of well known stock indexes for emerging markets. Its major role is to provide financing for projects in less developed countries. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • International Finance Corporation — (IFC) USA Set up in 1956, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) is one of the five institutions that make up the World Bank Group. The IFC promotes sustainable economic growth in developing countries by: • Financing private sector… …   Law dictionary

  • International Finance Corporation — The International Finance Corporation (IFC) promotes sustainable private sector investment in developing countries as a way to reduce poverty and improve people s lives.IFC is a member of the World Bank Group and is headquartered in Washington,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.