Pratyahara

Pratyāhāra (प्रत्याहार en sanskrit devanāgarī)[1] est un terme sanskrit qui correspond dans les Yoga Sūtra de Patañjali au cinquième membre (aṅga) du Yoga. Ce terme sanskrit signifie retraite, abstraction ou dissolution[2], abstraction des sens, retrait des objets de leur perception. Dans le chapitre II sūtra 54 des Yogasūtra intitulé Sādhana pāda, Patañjali défini Pratyāhāra comme « Le contact avec leurs propres objets étant futile, les sens[3] (demeurant à leur propre place respective) comme imitant la nature du citta, cela est pratyāhāra »[4].

Notes et références

  1. The Sanskrit Heritage Dictionary de Gérard Huet
  2. Dans la philosophie occidentale cette notion peut s'interpréter comme la rétraction des sens.
  3. Les dix indriya composés des cinq jñānendriya et des cinq karmendriya.
  4. śloka 54: svaviñayāsamprayoge cittasya svarūpānukāra ivendriyānam pratyāhārah (Yogānuśasānam: les yogasātras. Patañjali, Sadānanda Sarasvatī. Éd. Courrier du livre, 1976, page 148. (ISBN 2-7029-0084-4))

Voir aussi

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