Khaqani Shirvani


Khaqani Shirvani
Statue de Khaqani Shirvani à Tabriz.

Khaqani Shirvani[1] (1121-Tabriz 1198) originaire du Shirvan (dans l'actuel Azerbaïdjan) est un poète perse dont l'importance réside principalement dans ses brillants poèmes de cour, ses satires et ses épigrammes[2].

Sommaire

Biographie

Son père était un charpentier musulman et sa mère une chrétienne nestorienne. Encore jeune il écrit des poèmes lyriques sous le nom de Al-Haqâ'iqî (de l'arabe : ḥaqāʾiqī, حقائقي, légitime ; légal ; exact). Il est remarqué par le shirvanshah Manuchehr III et prend alors son nom de Khaqani[3],[2].

Mêlé à des disputes, il part pour le pèlerinage à La Mecque, au cours de ce voyage il écrit un long poème qui fait le récit de son périple (1156/1157). À son retour, il est emprisonné pour une raison inconnue. Ce séjour en prison lui inspire un poème de prison[2].

Il refait le pèlerinage à La Mecque en 1171. Après la mort de son fils et de son épouse il fait le pèlerinage une troisième fois en 1175, mais ne rentre pas au Shirvan et s'installe à Tabriz où il écrit la plupart des poèmes qui constituent son divan[2].

L'originalité de Khaqani réside dans son recours à des images chrétiennes dans ses poèmes[2].

Notes et références

  1. Khaqani Shirvani nom complet en arabe / persan : afḍal al-dīn badīl ben ʿalī ḫāqānī širwānī, افضل ‌الدّین بدیل ‌بن علی خاقانی شروانی. Afḍal al-dīn, Le meilleur de la religion.
  2. a, b, c, d et e Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature [lire en ligne], « Khāqānī », p. 631 
  3. Khaqani en persan : ḫāqānī, خاقانی de ḫāqān, خاقان, souverain ; empereur.

Annexes

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